Come to discover the nature of Menorca
Menorca vegetation typically Mediterranean forest is mostly starring l’ullastre (Prasio-Oleetum Silvestris) in the area of Es Migjorn (representing 45%) y l’alzinar (Cyclamini balearici-Quercetum ilicis) in the interior mountains and canyons (representing 15%), and pine forests, marine, junipers near the beaches and different tamarisk (Tamarix).
At a lower level, covered by woody vegetation, shrubs, aquatic or type rupícola azonal, find mastic (Daphne gnidium), madrone (Arbutus unedo), heather (Erica vagans), Bruguera (Erica multiflora), broom (Fabaceae) Myrtle (Myrtus), juniper (Juniperus communis), oleander (Nerium oleander), brambles (Aristolochia baetica), palm (Chamaerops humilis), buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus), Arbequina (Olea europea), Parietaria judaica (Parietaria diffusa), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), white rock rose (Cistus albidus), guardalobo (Osyris alba), white clover (Trifolium nigrescens), male clover (Lotus cytisoides), sulla (Hedysarum coronarium), melon (Salvia verbenaca) candilera (Phlomis italica), carrot edge (Daucus carota), ball (Dorycnium pentaphyllum), fennel (Ferula communis), butcher’s broom (Ruscus aculeatus), sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum), jaguarzo Moorish (Cistus salviifolius) and BOVAL jonc (Scirpus maritimus) in dunes and wetlands, prickly gorse (Calicotome spinosa), duckweed (Lemna gibba), unripe marine (Ephedra fragilis), lichens (Lecanoromycetes) and known locally socarrells (Anthyllis hystrix) which, subject to wind and salinity, was stationed on the coast ( north coast), often in proximity to cliffs.
Less abundant, but no less representative, are the lily (Liliaceae), with specimens as characteristic as the Porrassa or caramuixa (Asphodelus aestivus), the prime marina (Urginea maritime), the prime Bollina (Asphodelus fistulosus), and asparagus wild (Asparagus stipularis) Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidaceae), easily recognized by their flowers arranged in inflorescences trimerous like umbels, such as sand lily (Pancratium maritimum), the side lily (Narcissus tazetta) or pita (Agave americana); of the Iridaceae (Iridaceae), two well known examples of Minorca, as indicated by different common names attributed to him: the Rossinyol or espaseta or xuclamel or coltella (Illyricus Gladiolus) and ginjol groc or espadella (I. pseudacorus) grasses or grasses (Poaceae), abundant on the island, and among those who cite the Càrritx (Ampelodesmos mauritanica), reed (Phragmites australis), the Gramona (Cynodon dactylon) and cugula (Avena barbata), the aroids (Araceae ) among which the frare cugot (Arisarum vulgare), the rapa Mosquera (Dracunculus muscivorus), the fulla d’Eva (Colocasia esculenta), the fulla of trauma (Montsera deliciosa), the Lliri blanc (Zantedeschia aethiopica) and Margalló(Chamaerops humilis), plus someorchids (Orchidaceae), among which the Ophrys lutea, locally known as Grogues mosques, the mosques blaves Ophrys speculum or, probably, are the most beautiful of the various species of Ophrys are born Menorca in the field, and Pyramidal orchid Ophrys tridentata, and the most common.
* To all this, add to the list of plant species has been prepared in response to the abundance, importance and recognition on the island of the same, without claiming to present a closed list and / or exhaustive. The determinant of this section is familiar with the vegetation most popular Menorca island and nature enthusiasts.