Menorca has a very recent prehistory, especially when compared to other prehistoric cultures that have flourished in continental and island environment. The islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily, Languedoc and Provence, Catalonia and Valencia and also the various regions of the Maghreb had major civilizations unfolded when the Balearics yet detracted no human population. The insularity and lack of food resources posed a barrier that held back the occupation.
Along these lines, although probably the territory was inhabited Menorca before, the earliest evidence that have come down to us are for the beginning of the Bronze Age, the period known PreTalayotic, which covers roughly from 2000 to 1200 before of Christ.
Apparently they were peaceful hunters and gatherers who inhabited the villages menorquines during that period. As a refuge from the outset used the natural caves. However, he soon began to appear scattered small villages, usually consisting of no more than 10 homes.
Talaiots y Taules
Deserve special mention funerary buildings, plant similar to the houses (ground long and crowned one end by a semicircular apse or targeted), which are called shuttles because of its shape of an inverted boat. Inside house one or two overlapping cameras, which are accessed by your broker. The most famous are the Naveta d’es Tudons and by Rafal Rubí.
In addition, coinciding with the heyday of the megalithic culture in the year 1200 BC talaiotic period starts.
The abundance of sites (around a hundred) of this step has determined that the island has been designated as a veritable outdoor museum.
The Talayot is the architectural element that gives this period. It is tapered stone buildings with circular, semicircular or square. Only rarely have an inner chamber. They are located in small elevations of the land and might have a defensive role or serve as an observation post, store or shelter.
For its part, the Taula is a unique element of the megalithic culture Menorca. It consists of a large rectangular stone, placed upright, on which rests another transversely, forming a structure similar to a “T”. Large, some can weigh about twenty tons. It is usually surrounded by a horseshoe-shaped enclosure and appears to be proved that the set had a sacred function, as in some of them have been found remains of religious sacrifices.