Many Turkish incursions

The clashes between the peasants and the landed nobility of Menorca characterized the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.

The arrival in Spain of Charles I in 1517 did not improve the situation of the island. A scarcity, famines and epidemics were to add the Turkish incursions in Mahon in 1535 and Citadel in 1558 by the vessels of Kheir-ed-Din Barbaroja. The capture of Tunisia for the emperor’s troops was met Mahon looting by the famous pirate, who arrived here in command of a squadron consisting of thirty candles and two thousand five hundred men. The mayonnaise resisted the attack, but the trustees and they agreed with the Turkish captain, opening the doors of the plaza, which was destroyed.

“El día de sa desgràcia”

Following these attacks, in 1554 Philip II ordered the beginning of the construction of Fort San Felipe to guard the entrance to the port of Mahon and strengthen the defense of the city.

Meanwhile, in 1558 the Turkish Mustafa Piyale, commanding an army a hundred and fifty candles and more than fifteen thousand men, arrived at the port of Ciutadella, where he found strong opposition by ciudadelanos. The defense continued until the called dia de sa desgràcia Turkish troops broke through penetrating through a hole in the wall. The obelisk in the Plaza del Borne commemorates the valiant resistance of the premises before the invasion.

The low profitability of the island and the fear of pirate raids might recur to Philip II did consider the possibility of abandoning Menorca in 1570, as the monarch came to consider indefensible position. However, the resistance of the Menorcans would have deterred the king of such a design.