Caecilius Metellus, “The Balearic”
Almost a century between the date of the Battle of Zama (201 BC) that ended the Carthaginian empire and the conquest of the Balearic Islands by the consul Metellus, called because of his achievement “the Spaniard”.
Thus, in 123 BC Roman empire begins in Menorca, coinciding with the conquest of the islands by Caecilius Metellus in order to ensure maritime traffic between Spain and the Iberian Peninsula. It was precisely then that Mahon called Portus Magonis by the Romans achieved the status of municipality.
Roman empire and its legacies
In the same vein, Menorca was then called Minorca, by its smaller size relative to the neighboring island of Mallorca. Both became part of the province of Aragon and the reform of Emperor Diocletian, the Carthaginian.
In 400 the Balearic Islands and a province itself Jamnona (Ciutadella) was established in town and seat of the first Christian bishop.
Roman Empire would bring calm and peace so necessary after the past misfortunes, and advance their agriculture with new farming implements, with the importation of cattle and opening roads to highways. Among the most important legacies of romanization include Latin, which evolved into the Romance languages (Catalan, Castilian, Galician, Italian, French) and Roman law, which has been the basis of the current legal legislation.
As important remains include the Roman fortress built at the summit of Mount St. Agatha, dug in the camp out of the Knights, the Latin inscriptions of the so-called Cova Jurat in Cales Coves.From this period date the early Christian basilica of Son Bou, Fornás of Torrelló, Cap de Fornells and the Illa del Rei.