Ciutadella, rich in archaeological vestiges
Ciutadella and its municipality is one of the richest areas in archaeological remains of different periods.
Milestones megalithic, there are the numerous natural caves, enlarged and empowered by the man sometimes used as a dwelling for the living, and others of the dead. There are interesting troglodyte villages in Cala Morell, Torreta Saura and Sant Joan Gran. Some caves boast rock carvings on the walls, highlighting which can be seen in Es Tudons, Son Toni Martí, Sant Joan and Tot Lluc. There is also a cave, Santa Ana de Torralbet, exhibiting paintings in red, high archaeological and artistic value.
Torre Llafuda, Cala Morell, Torre Trencada, Torre Vella and Son Catlar are some of its examples
Other archaeological remains of keen interest are the Cyclopean walls of Alfurinet, Torre Llafuda and Santa Rosa; Cala Morell and Macarella with its megalithic remnants; the Taules de Torre Llafuda (admission free; km. 37 of the Mahon-Ciutadella main road) and Torre Trencada;, Torre Vella, Son Anglada, Algaiarens, Alfurinet, Es Tudons, Son Olivaret Nou, Son Catlar, Bella Ventura and the exhibition of the Taula de Son Bernadí; the dintle trilithium of Son Saura Nou and insolated menhir of Torre Trencada (very close to the Tower Llafuda, which must be reached, or walk through them tanks, or rather by the old-Mahon Ciutadella road, past the houses of the Knights-Km. 39). Notably, in this sense, the presence of a collective grave of the Bronze Age: the Naveta d’Es Tudons. This is one of the most famous prehistoric monuments in Menorca, located at kilometer 40 and near Ciutadella. Talaiótico culture is represented in term of Ciutadella towers by the existence of generally tapered, and others with a solid runner and camera. These talaiots of Ciutadella played depending on where they were located, various functions. Sometimes they were used as dwellings “in the lower-and others such as burial, watchman or tower defense.
Among the prehistoric settlements, include the Torre Vella and the Son Catlar. In the direction that leads to Arenal de Son Saura, left the road are Catlar’s houses , with an important prehistoric city next door. The site is very close, but if in doubt just ask the farmers in countries pedres (stones).
From Ciutadella share the road heading north, drive to Punta Nati advancing through a bleak rocky plateau. Shortly after leaving the population, right, lies the village of Torre Vella talaiotic. One of the talayots has retained the inner chamber and, however precariously, access to it.
They are also very many interesting Roman remains, among which are the original burial niches vertically from Cala En Forcat. Are also preserved Roman various objects of interest such as a circular container of considerable size-Hort d’en Vigo de Tramuntana, coins of different times, graves dug in the ground or in the cave walls, vases, lamps, bronze statuettes, seal rings and pottery.
Among the debris left by Ciutadella lands by the Arabs, we must mention the alminarete of ancient Muslim mosque that is now the belfry of the cathedral. Other Arab traces consisting of items of pottery, some pieces monetary and graves.
All this varied archaeological wealth existing in the municipality of Ciutadella helps to enhance the tourist attractions of Menorca’s ancient capital and surrounding lands.